Social support modulates the neural correlates underlying social exclusion

Autor(en)
Rosalba Morese, Claus Lamm, Francesca Marina Bosco, M. C. Valentini, Giorgia Silani
Abstrakt

Ostracism threatens the human need for social interactions, with negative consequences on cognition, affect and behavior. Understanding the mechanisms that can alleviate these consequences has therefore become an important research agenda. In this study, we used behavioral and fMRI measures to advance our understanding how social support can buffer the negative effects of social exclusion. We focused on two different types of support from a friend: emotional support, conveyed by gentle touch and appraisal support, implemented as informative text messages. Seventy-one female participants underwent fMRI scanning while playing a virtual ball-tossing game in the course of which they were excluded. Two consecutive runs of the game were separated according to the participant’s experimental condition (appraisal support, emotional support and no support). Results showed that the experience of social exclusion is modulated by the type of support received. Specifically, emotional support decreased negative emotions and anterior insula activity, while appraisal support increased negative emotions, with concomitant increase of subgenual anterior cingulate cortex and decrease of temporal-parietal junction activity. These divergent effects of social support point to the necessity to characterize whether and under which conditions it represents an effective and positive resource to alleviate the negative consequences of social exclusion.

Organisation(en)
Institut für Psychologie der Kognition, Emotion und Methoden, Institut für Klinische und Gesundheitspsychologie
Externe Organisation(en)
Università della Svizzera Italiana, Università degli Studi di Torino, Città della Salute e della Scienza University-Hospital and Center for Cancer Prevention (CPO)
Journal
Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
Band
14
Seiten
633-643
Anzahl der Seiten
11
ISSN
1749-5016
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsz033
Publikationsdatum
05-2019
Peer-reviewed
Ja
ÖFOS 2012
501021 Sozialpsychologie, 501014 Neuropsychologie
Schlagwörter
ASJC Scopus Sachgebiete
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience
Sustainable Development Goals
SDG 10 – Weniger Ungleichheiten
Link zum Portal
https://ucris.univie.ac.at/portal/de/publications/social-support-modulates-the-neural-correlates-underlying-social-exclusion(8f358ff9-f578-4974-b88f-74cf8cc03bed).html