Is an ecological momentary music intervention feasible and effective in reducing stress in the daily life of Turkish immigrant women?

Stefanie Hirsch, Anja C. Feneberg, Ricarda Nater-Mewes, Urs Markus Nater

Perceived ethnic discrimination (ED) refers to the experience of unfair treatment because of one’s ethnicity and is associated with mental and physical health impairments. It can be assumed that those health impairments are the result of repeated exposure to discriminatory events that might lead to dysregulations in psychobiological stress systems. To promote health, we developed a music-based ecological momentary intervention (EMMI-T) to reduce psychobiological stress levels in the everyday lives of affected individuals. In a first pilot study, we investigate the feasibility and the effectiveness of the EMMI-T. The study is divided as follows: baseline period (week 1), intervention period (weeks 2, 3, 4), post period (week 5). Using a smartphone-based app, participants (N=20 Turkish immigrant women) are signaled 3 times a day to report their momentary stress levels and perceived discrimination. Additionally, participants self-initiate data entries after the occurrence of every discriminatory/stressful event. Two additional data entries are triggered after 20 and 35 minutes. Every data entry is accompanied by the collection of a saliva sample for the analysis of biological stress markers (cortisol, alpha-amylase). During the intervention period, an intraindividual-randomized design is used to assign participants randomly (50:50) to either the intervention condition (i.e., music-listening for 20 minutes) or the control condition (i.e., no music-listening for 20 minutes) after every self-initiated data entry. To determine the feasibility of the intervention, qualitative data from semi-structured interviews is gathered. Data will be analyzed using multilevel modeling. By the time of the congress, information on the current progress will be available.

Forschungs-, Lehr- und Praxisambulanz, Forschungsplattform The Stress of Life - Processes and Mechanisms underlying Everyday Life Stress, Institut für Klinische und Gesundheitspsychologie
ÖFOS 2012
501010 Klinische Psychologie
Link zum Portal